Saturday, December 31, 2011
The yearly income for the head of family is given for the year 1688 England. It is recorded in pounds sterling. One usually stars at the top of the social latter, so I will start at the bottom!
Vagrants; as Gypsies and Thieves 3
Common Soldiers 7
Cottagers and Paupers 2
Labouring People and Out Servants 4
Common Seaman 7
Military Officers 15
Naval Officers 20
Artisans and Handicrafts 9
Shopkeepers and Tradesman 10
Persons in Liberal Arts and Science 12
Freeholders of the lesser sort 10
Freeholders of the better sort 13
...to be continued.
A comment on society outside the church is shown by the list above.
The information is abstracted from The World We Have Lost: England Before the Industrial Age, 2nd Ed., by Peter Laslett, pp. 36-37.
Friday, December 16, 2011
Monday, December 5, 2011
For me, such was the case with Cavaliers and Pioneers, by Nell Nugent. See post:
They ended up being a seven volume set of information on the abstracts of Virginia land patents and grants. Seven volumes mind you! Over time, they ended up being one the most helpful references in my own family's tree climbing. Along the way it was helpful to ask just what information did they offer, and how was this organized. It became clear that the English way of doing things was transferred to these new colonies. Land ownership was the goal of many younger sons as they came across the great pond. Each entry followed the same pattern, and soon it became evident that the content was repeated in the same manner for each entry. They were:
Name(s) of Individuals Responsible for the patent,
Number of Acres surveyed,
Geographic Identifier, usually a county or river course
Date [not always given],
Description of Survey
List of individuals transferred [total numbers not always given in abstract].
Wow! So if any of these items surfaced during my tree climbing, I would know if this group of references would help. For example, if the name of a river or county appeared, I knew that I could use the index to each text to help locate those who might have landed along this river. If a term like "Jones Creek" and a date would appear, I would know that these references would list all the creeks that were listed among the abstracts. What a deal...conceptualizing content.
Wednesday, November 23, 2011
The following pages are an outline of the 12 step process of obtaining a "letters patent" as it stood in early colonial history. Please remember that you can click on the pages to enlarge them. They are copied from The Jones Genealogist, Vol.X, No. 2, July/August, 1998, pp.4-5. Going through these steps would certainly keep one occupied for a certain period of time. It would also provide many opportunities to line someones pock, or to provide that extra favor.
Understanding this process certainly helps the genealogist to appreciate what our ancestors accomplished.
Wednesday, November 16, 2011
You can't drive past a cemetery without wondering if your ancestors are buried there.
Your neighbors think you are crazy, your friends wonder, and you know you are.
You have to watch the credits of a movie to see if any of the surnames are ones you are researching.
The mailman can't believe that you got this much mail from someone you don't even know.
Your fear of snakes and bugs is overshadowed by the need to get through those brambles to that old gravestone.
You worry about the roof's leaking only if the drips threaten your genealogy section.
When you read the New Testament in Sunday School and find yourself comparing the pedigrees in Matthew and Luke.
When you find your ancestor's executions by hanging or burning at the stake, far more interesting than the mass-murder that just took place next door.
You move to a new town and the first thing you look for is a historical or genealogical society in the area.
submitted by: Mary Jones, MD
Copied from: The Jones Genealogist, Vol.XII, No. 4, Nov/Dec, 2000.
Wednesday, November 9, 2011
All this is said to remind the genealogist, that a correct date is important in establishing the identity of many in the family tree. Reading and recording the dates appropriately is vital to breaking down many of those brick walls.
Friday, November 4, 2011
come see what the documents tell.
Monday, October 31, 2011
There are times when the tree branches get pretty thick. All those names, locations, histories, dates, etc., etc...how do you connect all those dots? This is very common in Welsh genealogy when the family is recorded in various towns with very unusual names. How are they all connected?
It was not until I connected a number town locations that it became evident that the family was really from the same area of Wales! The map to the right shows a drawing of many of the towns and locations that my JONES family resided. The names were taken from records, wills, deeds, etc., and their geographic locations identified. They fell along Wat's Dyke which had been the border between Wales and the Marches since 700 AD. The family located in a geographic area that represented the tribal group from which my JONES surname originated. An explanation that helped connect the dots!
Monday, October 24, 2011
Having a good place to work is important in breaking down many of those brick walls. It often takes placing all the information about you in a single location that can be utilized over a period of time. A card table, a dinning table, even an end table can work. [It will sometimes take those in the family to agree to let you leave the work items about.]
The picture shows my work table. Lights, action, camera...well maybe not the camera. But you can get the idea. Space to work... a place to work... brick by brick.
Tuesday, October 11, 2011
At this point in my own tree climbing, I would begin to do my own research. What do I need to know? Where do I need to go? What questions can I try and answer for myself?
The following two figures represent such a research attempt. I wanted to know if those who shared the JONES surname were more likely to go to Oxford or Cambridge. If so, would there be an area of the county which they would more likely come. I wanted to try and bridge that part of colonial history which sent their sons to England for their "higher" education. I was hoping this would connect my Virginia JONES family back to an area of the "mother country".
These first figure shows that the JONES surname attended Oxford roughly 3 to 1. This would help me decided to go to Oxford first, looking for my "Richard Jones".
The second figure shows a map that outlines the counties from which those JONES originated. Blue for Oxford, and pink for Cambridge. Yellow showed those counties that had did not have a single JONES for the time period under study. I would at least know that the JONES surname would not come these counties.
This study also showed me that Wales seemed to send their boys to Oxford. The eastern counties seemed to send their boys to Cambridge.
This at least gave me some ideas as to where to start looking.
Friday, September 30, 2011
This coding system was also discussed in BWP(17). However, there comes a time when you will find yourself in a nest of surnames. It may be at a particular geographic area, or historical time period, or a religious group with many members. There will be multiple folks with the same names being used. How do you keep them straight? How do separate and identify which John Johnson, John Smith, John Brown, and John Jones is the path you will need to follow? The following method is a coding system I have found helpful. It is different from my family coding system, since it involves only one surname, and needs to code for multiple generations. This approach will help separate and code each individual among a large number of folks with many different surnames.
It is very simple. First you label each person identified by their surname. You take the first two letters of their surname and then assign them a number. If the first name is John Johnson, you would code "JO-1". If you have another John Johnson in the county at the same time, you would label him "JO-2". Now if you have a John Jones living next door, you would code this "JON-1", knowing that you have already used "JO = Johnson". Thus, "JON = Jones". Now if there was a John Johns in the same neighborhood, you code him "JOH-1", using the next letter of the alphabet that was not used in a previous surname group.
Any surnames that share the same letters would take the next letter to separate and code it. Thus, Saul would be SA-1, Sampson would be SAM-1, and Samuel would be SAMU-1, etc., etc.
You would then start a record of the families identified in this geographic area, coding each individual, and you would not used the same letters for a different family surname.
Start with a small number of folks that you are working. These often will be those around your brick wall. Then start a listing for the codes you use, allowing you to keep a record of the surnames. Let's get started!
Saturday, September 24, 2011
"Land By Rank- Virginia Land Laws 1763" gives the ranks by which the amount of land was determined. See:
Perhaps this will help someone else to go around their brick wall.
Saturday, September 17, 2011
Wednesday, September 14, 2011
Starting in England from around the 7th century to as late as the 13th century, the year was reckoned from Christmas Day. But, in the 12th century, the Anglican Church began their year on the 25th of March. Over a period of time, the civilian population adopted this calendar. Thus, the civil, legal, and ecclesiastical year were united. However, this produced a change in the "historical" year, which by historians began on January 1st.
To help clarify this dating, a method was developed to add the date of the historical year to that of the legal year. This was necessary when speaking of any day between the 1st of January [starting of the historical year], and the 25th of March [starting of the legal year]. This became written as January 30, 1648-9. The first year being the civil and legal year, the second date being the historical year.
For the genealogist, this becomes confusing when this method is found in deeds, wills, surveys, and other civil or church documents. Just remember that the last figure (year) always indicates the historical year, or the year according to our present time.
The legal year was ordered to commence on the 1st of January by the reformation of the English Calendar by law titled: "Stat. 24 George II. c 23". Thus, dates recorded before 1753 must take these matters into consideration.
Monday, September 12, 2011
A post titled: "The Silver Penny" outlines this topic:
A text titled: "The World We Have Lost, England Before the Industrial Age", by Peter Laslett, gives a number of tables which help define social class during the period prior to 1700. A very valuable reference.
Thursday, September 8, 2011
Perhaps it is a family member who has already done most of the work on the family's history. Perhaps it is a writer, or historian, or just plain Sam who loved to climb trees. At any rate it is often helpful to seek this source.
My Dad gave his advice on "Dirty Books".
A path well worn.
Wednesday, September 7, 2011
Monday, September 5, 2011
hope this method is helpful! It has helped me over the past years get around a few brick walls!
Saturday, September 3, 2011
Any one want to play?
Friday, September 2, 2011
The rest of the story is presented in a series of post that deal with the development of measurements. This all started with land use and a kernel of corn! For the rest of the story see:
under : "Leaps and Bounds", July 22, 2011
"The Legal Acre", July 27, 2011
"Paramount", August 1, 2011
Amazing what a kernel of corn can do!
Thursday, September 1, 2011
Wednesday, August 31, 2011
Tuesday, August 30, 2011
Monday, August 29, 2011
Saturday, August 27, 2011
whew, they get longer every day!
If you have an interest in making maps, check it out. Hopefully, it will help some who like to go exploring!
Friday, August 26, 2011
The following post was given to help explore the concept, "When Genealogy becomes Geography". The post is found in the blog called "The Jones Genealogist", December 10, 2010 at :
additional post will give some aids relating to this topic.
Thursday, August 25, 2011
As the tree limbs get thicker, and the branches get longer, the number of folks involved in the family greatly multiply. A coding system has been introduced to help separate, and keep all these folks identified. The following figure shows a way to get the family tree organized.
I have called the method "Squares and Circles". It uses the same graph paper you already know, and places the family tree in a "big picture". [I always had trouble visualizing the family using the standard genealogy forms.]
This is presented in my blog:
The figure to the right shows a six generation branch of my family tree. The coding system is shown, along with a way documentation can be handled. The references which document these family members are placed near the square (male), or circle (female). A separate reference page records the documents.
Give it a try. Questions?
Wednesday, August 24, 2011
http://thejonesgenealogist.blogspot.com December 7, 2010.
Tuesday, August 23, 2011
and the post date is January 19, 2011. If you need a simple coding system, please check it out.
Monday, August 22, 2011
The year is 1682. Months are listed on the left side with numbers. From top to bottom, each 5 squares represent the month numbered giving space to write your information. I placed names, dates, references, and all sorts of things to help me outline the year 1682. I have also written in the margin to the right. Hope this is helpful.
You will need to develop your own style and process, but it is important to keep the "process" the same for each page.
Sunday, August 21, 2011
First, there are eight blogs that I have developed during the past year. Each approach genealogy from a different angle, and have a different theme. "The Jones Genealogist" tells my personal story from childhood, when I started doing genealogy at age nine! "The Jones Surname" approaches genealogy from a specific, difficult surname like JONES. A third blog called 'Welsh Genealogy" approaches from a historical perspective, placing the JONES surname in its context. A forth blog, called "The Jones Surname DNA", describes DNA written from the ground up, to help the genealogist understand this difficult topic. [I use my own DNA as an example.] A final set of blogs called Ge-ne-al-0-gy 101, 201, and 301 are written to help those who are just beginning to get an interest in genealogy, and need help getting started. [They also give a method called the "geneogram" which is a way of recording your family outside the box.]
The next series of post will list these helps as they seem to make sense in relationship to "The Brick Wall Protocol". I will give them as "Additional Helps" and will try to list the blog, title, date of post, and some description of the content. The "official" blog listings are:
http://thejonesgenealogist.blogspot.com [started July 2010]
http://thejonessurname.blogspot.com [started July 2010]
http://jonessurnamedna.blogspot.com [started September 2010]
http://welshgenealogy.blogspot.com [started December 2010]
http://ge-ne-al-o-gy101.blogspot.com [started August 2010]
http://ge-ne-al-o-gy201.blogspot.com [started August 2010]
http://ge-ne-al-o-gy301.blogspot.com [started September 2010]
http://thebrickwallprotocol.blogspot.com [started August 2011]
Please make a visit!
Friday, August 19, 2011
It might be helpful to provide a way that brick wall destruction can be shared. I suggest that those who still have trouble, place the brick wall in a comment to this post, and I will label a post that others can join.
If you have succeeded in demolishing your brick wall, please leave a comment telling the success in a post. This may help others.
As Cicero said more than 2,000 years ago:
"For what is the worth of a human life unless it is woven into the life of our ancestors by the records of history."
Thursday, August 18, 2011
Be sure that you have detailed documentation for each item discovered in Step 2.
Now comes the fun part. [At least for those who still like to color.]
Use the colored "Hi-Liters" to make a color coding system for your notebook.
Yellow = historical information.
Blue = geographic items.
Pink = dates.
Weave the pages together for time, space, and point of reference. When things come together you have a possible solution for one brick!
Rule in and rule out is part of the process.
Keep up the good work!
Wednesday, August 17, 2011
Many factors impact our lives. What makes us do what we do and why? What forces affected the lives of those who lived before us? These, and other issues like these, become a point of reference for our tree climbing.
These references I have used over the many years. You might want to comment on references that you have found most helpful.
Staples to the rescue! Mead's Neatbook seems to be available on line, but you can use any form of graph paper. Over more than 50 years of tree climbing I have used many, many, different types of paper!
Remember this was written just as the Internet was getting started. I still feel that every item determined as a family "story" needs to be verified. Documentation is fundamental to genealogy.
Tuesday, August 16, 2011
You are directed to use the left side of the graphic paper which would be the back side of the page before you. In this way you maximize the graph paper you have purchased.
I received an e-mail from a reader who tells me that the "NEATBOOK NOTEBOOK" may still be available at Staples. Please post if anyone knows!
Monday, August 15, 2011
Get those pencils going!
The type of graph paper will vary depending on the number of small squares per inch. You will need to adjust your yearly entry depending on the type of graph paper.
At this point, the most important aspect is the documentation that you have obtained doing your own tree climbing. Start with the most secure fact! This becomes your starting point in the notebook.
You will need to make your own scale of months, days, years. Use the back of each page for the additional information you will be obtaining.
Sunday, August 14, 2011
The following section introduces the methods to brick wall destruction. Please follow the instructions closely, and complete each section in order.
Time and Space analysis, what a deal!
I have included a picture of the materials contained in my first publication. You will need to get these simple supplies at any "dollar general". The markers are pink, blue, and yellow.
Remember that the graph paper will be different from the ones now available, but you will following the same methods.
Let's get going!
Saturday, August 13, 2011
Friday, August 12, 2011
Thursday, August 11, 2011
A "big picture" is often hard to grasp. Time, space, and point of reference can be view as the following illustration explains.
Keep up the good work!
Wednesday, August 10, 2011
Basic concepts of genealogical research are presented in this segment of The Brick Wall Protocol. Please note that you should have completed Steps 1, 2, and 3 before you begin this section of the protocol.
Tuesday, August 9, 2011
Monday, August 8, 2011
Sometimes the hardest thing in genealogy is to clearly establish were your heading. Or at least, where you would like to be heading. Step 1 ask you to define the question you wish to answer...your brick wall. Now comes "Step 2".
Step 2 is to document and organize every fact that you have recorded regarding the person you wish to understand. You will often find that you have a tremendous amount of information, or on the other hand, a very small amount of information.
Step 2 is to help you clarify the documentation that you have collected. The pages outline a series of items important in your tree climbing. This will also help give you a list of "rocks" which can be turned over, or the names of some "closet doors" which could be opened.
Step 2 may take some time, but you have been butting your head against your brick wall for some time now, and a little help in resting your forehead is often helpful!
You may need to add additional items to your list. Let's get going.
Sunday, August 7, 2011
This is the second post for The Brick Wall Protocol. "Begin Here" is the place to start. It introduces you to "Step 1" in the process of brick wall destruction!
Step 1 is the foundation. Be sure you have a clear statement and understanding of what your brick wall actually is! Follow the steps carefully. Let's begin.
Recognize that you can click on the pages to enlarge them.
Saturday, August 6, 2011
The following blog will present what I have used to help get over and around these proverbial "brick walls". It is intended to be a help to those who wish to continue their genealogical experience in spite of facing a wall. It is called The Brick Wall Protocol. It will be presented as I have developed it in a "work book" approach. The pages of the work book will be presented as if you are using the actual protocol intended.
The pages and text will be published as designed. Each post will have a number identified as "BWP(#)" so that a reader can following in order. This is BWP(1), meaning "Brick Wall Protocol, reading #1. Post will follow in sequence so that the reader will be able to utilize the information as intended.
The pages will be presented in order and hopefully make sense to the frustrated genealogist. They should be used in sequence to be most helpful.
Please make any comments or suggestions using the comment space at the end of the post.
The first three figures show the title page, purpose, and copyright. First published in 1989!
The next post will describe "Step 1".
I trust this protocol will be helpful to genealogist for generations to come.