Tuesday, April 19, 2016

A Name Change Chronology

Several prior post have discussed the fact that the same name often gets spelled  in a variety of ways.  For the genealogist,  it is necessary to identify how these spellings can occur, and explore all alternative spellings when facing one of those brick walls.  This post shows that various spellings can also happen over time, presenting another dimension to all this brick wall climbing.  For my own tree climbing experience it was the surname "Taliaferro".

Beginning in 1651, the name was first spelled "Troliver".  It took some 60 years before the surname came to be spelled "Taliaferro".  The following table presents  how the name was spelled in the patent records of Virginia 1651 - 1711. [Taken from Cavaliers and Pioneers - Abstracts of Virginia Land Patents and Grants, by Nugent, Vol. I - III]

1651 - Troliver - CP(I) p. 224
1655 - Troliver - CP (I) p. 307
1661 - Tolliver - CP (I) p. 417
1666 - Taliafro - CP (I) p. 548
1666 - Taifer - CP (I) p. 548
1666 - Tallifro - CP (I) p. 548
1667 - Talifro - CP (II) p. 21
1667 - Talliferoe - CP (II) p. 32
1667 - Talliferoe - CP (II) p. 39
1669 - Toliferoe - CP (II) p. 70
1670 - Talliferoe - CP (II) p. 90
1671 - Talliafero - CP(II) p. 93
1671 - Taliaferro - CP (II) p. 149
1673 - Taliafer - CP (II) p. 123
1673 - Talliaferro - CP (II) p. 138
1685 - Taliaferoe - CP (II) p. 294
1691 - Taliaferoe - CP (II) p. 360
1693 - Taliaferro - CP (II) p. 380
1694 - Taliafero - CP (II) p. 397
1695 - Taliaferro - CP (II) p. 401
1705 - Taliaferro - CP (III) p. 93

Some 60 years in the records...what a deal.
1711 - Taliaferro - CP (III)  p. 124

Tuesday, February 9, 2016

Two New Blogs

Brick walls come in all shapes and sizes as you climb out that family tree.  Those with a common surname like JONES will have all sorts.  Likewise, those who have a Welsh surname origin [like Jones] face another variety of brick walls once you reach a certain point in that tree climbing experience.  Two new blogs are being started with the purpose to provide a location to discuss all these themes and subject that might be of help.  One is titled: "Jones Surname Central".  The second is titled: "Welsh Surname Central".   Now I know that all tree climbers are not JONES or WELSH, but this combination offers many brick walls all their own.  The blog sites are :

       Jones Surname Central  at  tjgjscs.blogspot.com

       Welsh Surname Central  at tjgwsc.blogspot.com

If you share a few brick walls that need some thoughts, this may be the place to add your subject/topic at the comment section of each post [yet to come].  A place to share, discovery, and discuss these brick walls.

Sunday, January 3, 2016

My Three "P's"

People, places, and purpose are items that I call my three "P's".  When all three come together at the same point [4th P...just couldn't resist...:-)] it will often provide the means to break down some of those brick walls.  For my own JONES family tree, this was 22 May 1650.  The following figure shows an example :

The surnames Williamson, Fauntleroy, Booth, Underwood, and Mosley are not what you would expect to be related to the surname JONES.  However, on 22 May 1650 a large group of folks arrived and patented land along the same river.  They also fled England together following the death of Charles I.  Evaluating this group under the "Three P's", the above was discovered.  One large family it was.  The Underwood group seem to have a lot of daughters who married a number of other surnames.  The red color shows the Underwood family, with the other colors connecting the various other surnames.  Understanding this cluster of related families proved to be a major pathway for connecting my own JONES family tree.

Thursday, December 10, 2015

The Three R's : Welsh Descent

By now, my suspicion is that most folks who are reading and following this blog share a common interest in the destruction of brick walls.  Having a surname JONES you can imagine the number and frequency of such adventures.  My own tree climbing has provided me many such opportunities which this blog has tried to share.   Over the years, a number of readings, references, and resources have accumulated which have been especially helpful...thus "The Three R's".  I thought it might be useful to present these items to those who share this common Welsh ancestry.  From the Bluegrass of central Kentucky to the Vale of the Dee [ North Wales], my own branches have been connected.  Welsh descent...English filter...Virginia colonist...frontier settler...to a Bluegrass landing is roughly the chronology.  It is in this order that my collection of "Three R's" will be presented in the next series of posts.

Welsh Descent:

The following text has served me well over the many years of my JONES surname tree climbing.  It presents information organized by the Welsh counties giving a history of each and the surnames connected.  It is in two volumes.

The first printing was in London, 1872.  It was revised and enlarged in 1875, and reprinted by Genealogical Publishing Co., Baltimore, in 1991. [Where I obtained my copy.]

"Annals and Antiquities of The Counties and County Families of Wales" by Thomas Nicholas.

It has proved to be a reading....a reference...and...a resource since 1991.  A certain find to help with those brick walls of Welsh descent.

Sunday, October 25, 2015

Deciding DNA

Starting my tree climbing experience some years ago, a number of brick walls have been encountered. [Started tree climbing at age 9!] You might imagine with a surname JONES that there would be more than a few brick walls along the way.

Beginning with my family's stories, the adventure started in the Bluegrass of Kentucky.  My maternal side kept many pictures, and the stories were readily passed down through the generations and many family reunions.  My paternal side was somewhat different, and the family stories were fewer.  At any rate, Kentucky was the beginning, and the branches led back to Virgina.  A lot of years were spent digging around this area, and it was not always clear which direction one should attempt.  Finally, the branches led to London, then to the county of Kent, then to Rochester, and finally to an area of Wales outlined in the figure which follows:

The drawing is mine, showing a number of locations that were slowly put together.  It was here, along the Vale of the Dee, where my JONES family started, or at least I believed it to be.  This only took about 30 years or so of various brick walls.

It was some five years back, that all this stuff about DNA became available.  Find your roots, and be certain of your origins.  What if I check my DNA and found out I really was from China???  Not sure I wanted to do this, now some 50 years into the family's story.  Did I trust my genealogy, or did I find out some other story.

Struggling some two years to decide to do my DNA, the "bullet" was finally bitten (as we would say in Kentucky) and that jaw swab was taken.  Sweating some two months for the results, they returned that I was haplogroup R, and haplotype R1b1b. [Now labeled R1b1a2] 

It took a few months to try and figure out what all this DNA stuff  meant. [Being a physician helped]  I put together the following table:

Hmm...Wales...lets see...at the top!  R1b1b [Now R1b1a2] it is!  What a deal!  My 50 some years of genealogy before computers and the internet held true...deciding DNA it is.

Saturday, September 26, 2015


Records and careful documentation becomes the foundation of genealogical research.  Any historical document written during the life time of the person under research is called a "Primary Document".  Deeds, wills, court orders and records, birth certificates, death certificates, census data, military records, and many other items woven into a coherent thread produces a record of the family tree.  For me, my favorite primary docuement is shown:

It is a Revolutionary War Pension application from my sixth generation grandfather Nicholas Jones.  It contains his actual signiture [shown] and additional family information.  What a deal for me!  A grandfather giving his hand over generations, reaching me thorough the ages.  A family treasure it is. 

What is your own favorite primary document?

Tuesday, August 25, 2015

Cultural Chronology

Times change, and our ancestors lived among these changes.  It is often helpful to try and grasp an understanding of the time period that our ancestors existed.  This understanding will frequently break down a brick wall facing us.  Having Celtic origins, their times were of interest.  The Romans were the first to place on the pages of history the story of these Celts that lived on that island they called "Brittania".

Over the years I have tried to put together a "cultural chronology" that has following my own family along the branches of the old "family tree".  Readings, references, and resources I have called it.  Starting a blog on January 17, 2013, the items found most helpful are presented.  This blog can be found at tjg3rs.blogspot.com .   Each items has a brief summary and what topic it connects to my Celtic origins.  For example,
This reference contains some of the story surrounding my own family tree. "Babington's Plot" it has come to be called.   Interesting story it is, and my family was involved. [Edward Jones was his name.]  Many of my brick walls came down as this story unfolded.

From the Celtic world, by Green:

 to...the life of Henry VII...

 I have place these sources in a cultural chronology that has been helpful over the past 54 years of my own tree climbing.  I suspect there are those genealogist out there who face their on cultural chronologies with this same "Celtic" back ground.  Come follow the sources: