Sunday, December 3, 2017

Heraldry Used In Tree Climbing (12)

From Kentucky, to Virginia, then to London, and now to Wales.  Had not thought about Wales, and knew very little about this part of the world.  What in the world... became... where in the world.  Burke had provided a good deal of information about the Jones surname, and the particular arms that had become my lead.  The following text became the next source of information.

This reference became my guide book to Wales, and directed my search into the arms: "Per bend sinister ermine and ermines, a lion rampant or a bordure engrailed of the last".

It was a fairly slow process, and to give you some idea of the tree climbing involved, the following page in this text is shown.

You can see that a lot of marking and underlining took place among the pages, but a completed family tree is to be found around every curve.  "per bend sinister, ermine and ermines, a lion rampant or" is given among these branches leading from a fellow named Tudor Trevor.  A   "bordure engrailed" was not included, and this became another issue among all this heraldry stuff.  What was the JONES surname doing in Wales anyway.  Little did I know.

Friday, September 29, 2017

Heraldry Used In Tree Climbing (11)

There was a fair amount of research under the bridge before all this heraldry stuff could be sorted out.  Cadwallader Jones became the focus, and he ended up the bridge to that place across the great pond. [ This research can be found at which is still in progress!]  At any rate, the arms "Per bend sinister ermine and ermines, a lion rampant or a bordure engrailed of the last" became the direction of search into the great amount of literature pertaining to heraldry.  The following reference was one such item:

Whew, pretty heavy stuff I thought.  The father of Cadwallader was a Richard Jones described as "...of St. Clement, Eastcheap, but died in Virginia...".  This was of course located in London, and on page 140 of the above reference it stated :

 "Jones, Roger, als Jenkens, of London, descended from the house of Trevor in Wales : parti per bend sinister ermine and erminois, a lyon rampt. or, a crescent for diff. with 4 quarterings, 3 June, 9 Jac., 1611, by Segar...."

Wow...a Jones in London around the same time of Richard who carried the arms given for Cadwallader.   Could this be a connection?

On the same page of the reference, another Jones was listed:

"Jones, Edward, of Lansayre, Dyffryn Clwyd, co. Denbigh, confirmed by R. St. George, Norr.....(descended from the family of Trevor of C. in said co....Quarterly: 1 and 4, parted per bend sinister ermine and ermines and a lyon rampant within a bordure engrailded..."  Hum...from London to Wales it was.  House of Trevor it was...not knowing what this meant.   A place called Lansayre, Dyffryn Clwyd it was.  More branches to climb it was.

Sunday, July 30, 2017

Heraldry Used In Tree Climbing (10)

It did not take long to realize the counties in Virginia presented their own set of problems.  Caroline Co. was formed 1728 which was some 34 years before my Nicholas Jones was born.  His Revolutionary War service record stated that his father's name was Griffin Jones, thus it would seem likely that Griffin occupied this area when Nicholas was born.   Asking who was the first JONES to be settled in this area, I needed to understand the chronology of this county.  The following figure presents these findings.

Say what!  Where to begin?  The geography of Caroline Co. was next, and it was found that it lay along a river called the Rappahannock a far piece up stream from its mouth.  A text by T.E. Campbell described its history and gave the dates of the earliest settlements to this area.  In 1673, the first JONES was a Cadwallader Jones with 1443 acres on the south side and "in the freshes" of Rappahannock River.  Hum...seems like this name was uncovered before.  Lets see...on page 51 of  Virginia Heraldica [discussed in a previous post] there appeared this unusual name "Cadwallader" and gave the following arms connected:

     "Per bend sinister ermine and ermines, a lion rampant or a bordure engrailed of the last"

A "lion rampant" indeed it recorded.  Had not seen such an unusual name as this, but this arms was found in Burke. [See several previous post that describe the symbols used among the surname JONES.]  Who was this Cadwallader Jones, and was he the beginning of my family in what was to become Caroline County.

Wednesday, July 12, 2017

Heraldry Used in Tree Climbing (9)

Having a JONES family from my own hometown publishing a book containing a well documented account of a "Captain Roger Jones" from Virginia and London, as well as picturing a "coat of arms" attributed to this individual...could it own family?  However, some difficulties appeared.  First, the arms were supposed to be used by old Roger before his arrival to Virginia prior to 1700.  As described in previous posts, the total Jones arms given by Burke (1840 edition) did not contain a family with three heads chopped off at he neck.  If indeed this Roger Jones used this arms, it should have been contained in Burke.  Next, it was discovered that a Nicholas Jones proved to be the first of my family to have arrived in Kentucky. [No Nicholas found in this Roger Jones group]  A Revolutionary War Service Record S16169 recorded that my Nicholas was born in Caroline Co., VA November 14, 1762.  A pension application taken July 26, 1832 provided one of my most favored family heirlooms...his signature...

Now Caroline Co., VA was to become the center of my genealogical attention.  Who were the ancestors of my Nicholas prior to 1762?  Could using a coat of arms help here?  From Kentucky to Virginia...a link had been made.

Wednesday, June 14, 2017

Heraldry Used in Tree Climbing (8)

By the mid to late 1980's, several topics regarding the Jones surname and coat of arms came into focus.  First, as a surname, there were more than 100 Jones families that had a "coat of arms" registered in Burke by the 1840's. [post of 6 November (1)]  Second, a fair number of references were available to help understand the basics of  "Armorial Bearings", and a general understanding of this topic could be achieved. [post of 28 December (2)]  Third, there seemed to be a clustering of symbols among these arms with 45% having some form of the "lion".  Various other symbols appeared being on the most part less than 10% for each symbol.  [post of 1 February (3)]  Four, beside the symbols, there were a number of ""tinctures" (base colors) scattered about these shields with the color "gold" being the most frequent (37%). [post of 2 March (4)]  Five, the geographic location of these Jones families could be outlined showing the counties of England, Wales, and Ireland that contained these arms.  [post of 26 March (5)]  Six, on this side of the great pond, an attempt to identify those families who were "Entitled to Coat Armor" had been published from those in Virginia where my own Jones family arrived in 1649. [post of 27 April (6)], a Jones family from my own home town published in 1891, an account of "Captain Roger Jones" that contained a coat of arms dating back to London. [post of 14 May (7)]

Wow...line 'um up!  Beside the Roger Jones listed above, Virginia Heraldica contained only three other Jones families "Entitled to Coat Armor" :  1) Jones. Sussex county...Ermine three lions , 2) Jones. Frederick county...Argent, a lion rampant vert, vulned in the breast gules , and 3) Jones. Prince George county... Per Bend sinister ermine and ermines, a lion rampant or a bordure engrailed of the last.  On to Virginia it is.

Sunday, May 14, 2017

Heraldry Used in Tree Climbing (7)

Early on in my various tree climbing experiences... beside family stories... local resources play a dominate role.  The "court house" and local "public library" were often explored.  During one visit to the library the following reference was discovered:

Wow...I thought, a JONES family from my very own home town, written by a fellow JONES from my very own town, about a family being from "London and Virginia".  Could this be my JONES family?  Now "Roger" was not a first name that had been used among my family tree, but a "Captain"...hey I liked that.  Also, there were lots of other family surnames that seemed a bit foreign to my own tree branches.  The word "Descendants" was understood, but... antecedents?  Then I opened the book and...

On my...a coat of arms came with this family.  What a discovery it was believed.  Got to find out more about this fellow from Virginia and London.  Thank you Judge Lewis Hampton Jones who published this book in 1891... lead away.

Thursday, April 27, 2017

Heraldry Used in Tree Climbing (6)

While all this heraldry stuff was being studied, my Jones family tree from the old Kentucky home, to the mouth of Red River [Madison/Clark/Estill counties joined along the Kentucky River] was also being accomplished.  It became evident that Virginia was the origin for my group of Jones, and there were a fair number of brick walls to be overcome.  It became apparent that Caroline Co. (VA) and Spotsylvania Co. (VA) [which had their roots in Essex Co., which had its roots in Old Rappahannock Co. (VA)] were the areas that grew most of my tree branches.  As time went along, the following book was found titled, you guest it... "Virginia Heraldica".

Originally published in 1908, it was reprinted by Southern Book Co. in 1953, reprinted again by Genealogical Publishing Co., 1965, and finally reprinted by Clearfield Company, Inc., 2000.  Since 1908 some folks were interested in this topic in Virginia.  Maybe there was more to this heraldry stuff yet to be discovered.  The story continues.

Sunday, March 26, 2017

Heraldry Used In Tree Climbing (5)

Symbols and the tincture (base color) of the shield are the foundation to the "coat of arms".  Last post (4) described these topics for the arms that carried the surname JONES.  The next step was to see if the recorded families [for Jones] could be identified and located by counties.  The following tables show the results of this study by the symbols they presented in the last post. (4)

The surname Jones is listed by family groups from which the arms were identified in Burke.  The following figure continues the findings among the various symbols.

To show the geographic distribution among the counties represented, the following map was drawn.  Ireland, Wales, and central England gave the locations.

This was the distribution of the Jones families who were identified in Burke before 1870.  What a deal!

Thursday, March 2, 2017

Heraldry Used In Tree Climbing (4)

My interest in understanding the use and implication of this field called Heraldry, lead to several more steps to analyze the Jones surname coat of arms.  The following two figures show the results of other steps taken to this process.  They are given just to show that additional information can be obtained.  Please recognize that I understand very few folks would be this interested in the steps and procedures shown, but they  are given to demonstrate the findings of my own tree climbing.

The next figure continues the analysis all done some years ago.

This analysis help me form some ideas as to where to look for the roots to many who came to carry the surname Jones.

Wednesday, February 1, 2017

Heraldry Used In Tree Climbing (3)

Symbols played an important part in all this heraldry stuff.  Upon each shield was placed a symbol which often was a self selected image of the person who carried the shield.   For the JONES surname, exploring these symbols to see if there were any common use was an early process.  The following figure shows the results of my study that contained 123 coat of arms for the JONES surname.  All would have been in use before 1850.  Each primary charge (symbol) was analyzed and organized as shown.  The "lion" represented the most common symbol among this group at 45%. 

One can follow the results shown in this figure which found a single lion in a standing position (called lion rampant) to be the most common symbol.  Other symbols as found are depicted with a cross/pheons (pheon = the barbed head of a dart or arrow) at 13%.  A variety of other symbols including swords/arrows, birds, boar's heads, Nag's head, Stags, Wolves, and of course the Bull.